By ACBC Communications
The issue of family violence cannot be relegated to just another social justice issue that we need to pay attention to, Paul Linossier, Chief Executive of Wesley Mission, told Church leaders at a public forum addressing family violence last month.
“We are talking about men’s violence against women, physical and sexual violence. We are talking about the litany of controlling behaviours that exclude and denigrate and, over time, demoralise, abuse and marginalise women,” Mr Linossier said.
“Family violence is a factor in most cultures on our globe but it is clearly present and strong in Australian culture,” he said.
Gathered at the Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Mr Linossier told the leaders that this is “an uncomfortable conversation if it goes far enough, because it drives to the heart of our culture, the heart of our social arrangements and our view of the human person”.
“There is one overriding precondition that allows men’s violence towards women to occur and it is gender inequality. There is a pervading bias towards men.”
Men, continued Mr Linossier, represent 60 per cent of the global workforce and 95 per cent of the CEOs in the world’s largest corporations. Women represent 29 per cent of board members in those organisations and 27 per cent or less of the senior leadership teams in those organisations.
“There is a global and occupational discrimination, gender-based, agenda happening,” he said.
“The good news is that men’s violence against women is preventable.”
Mr Linossier is the former CEO of Our Watch, an organisation set up to drive change against the culture, behaviours and attitudes that underpin and create violence against women and children.
As part of his presentation, he played a video published by Our Watch at the end of 2015, called Let’s change the story. The clip focuses on reducing the gendered drivers of violence against women.
Other supporting actions mentioned by Mr Linossier included challenging the norms about alcohol use, the normalisation of violence and promoting broader social equality.
Sr Michelle Reid SGS, Manager at the Good Samaritan Inn, said the current family violence statistics are shocking. “We are moving closer to almost two women who die due to family violence each week in Australia,” she said.
“It’s important to note, the abusers are not strangers but generally an intimate partner.
“Gender inequality is at the basis of this social epidemic. It includes structural and institutional inequality. It begins with the individual. How I am formed in my beliefs, expectations and understandings about how I should be treated as a woman, a child or a man,” Sr Reid explained.
“Communities’ attitudes and behaviours must change. That’s a huge challenge.”
The Good Samaritan Inn provides crisis accommodation for women who are victims of domestic violence. Four years ago, the centre decided to enter the field of prevention against such violence.
Commencing the “We can do it” respectful relationships project in three high schools over a three-year period, the project brought about change in students from awareness and understanding to a change in behaviours and attitudes about family violence.
“We worked with the schools to achieve cultural change,” Sr Reid said.
A report and two videos about the “We can do it” project findings will be available as part of the mission conference papers.
Charlie King OAM, Board member of Our Watch, and ABC Presenter in Darwin, told leaders about a successful project known as, nomore.org.au.
Mr King said he initially became aware of the high levels of family violence in remote Indigenous communities where women had nowhere to run.
During 2008, Mr King visited 38 remote communities in the Northern Territory and spoke extensively to the local people about the issue of violence against women. He repeatedly heard the men say ‘no more’ and that ‘all men should link up’.
From there, the No More campaign emerged with the symbol of ‘linked arms’. The focus of the campaign is putting the responsibility of reducing family violence on men.
“There are more than eight million Australians involved in sport every weekend.”
Mr King made the link and sporting clubs were asked to walk out onto the pitch together, linking at the elbows, to highlight the commitment to ‘no more’ family violence in the Northern Territory.
“It’s a powerful statement at sporting occasions and sporting clubs are now asked to write their own family violence action plan about how they will work to end family violence in their club.”
Mr King added that a drop in the levels of family violence has been recorded as a result of the campaign.
Donella Johnston, Director of the National Office for the Participation of Women at the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference, referred to the title of the forum, Confronting family violence: A challenge for the Church to make a difference.
“The Church is everyone who identifies as Catholic so this challenge is for all of us,” Ms Johnston said.
Highlighting Australian of the Year, David Morrison, as an example of change, Ms Johnston said that cultural change must take place in order to tackle violence against women.
“Organisational cultures won’t change until there are more women in leadership positions in all sectors of our society, which creates greater accountability, transparency and governance,” Ms Johnston said.
Patrice Scales, Chair of Catholic Social Services Victoria, opened the forum and Joce Bignold, Chief Executive of McAuley Community Services for Women, chaired the forum.
Following a lively Q&A session, each presenter was asked directly what the Church should do to address the issue of family violence.
Both Mr Linossier and Mr King said the style of engagement by men was critical in debate and advocacy about this issue across all sectors.
“The women in the Church need to be strong in their view and backed by the men in our Church,” Mr King pointed out.
Mr Linossier said that, across Wesley Mission, he aims to make a difference by changing the style of leadership.
Sr Reid suggested that clergy should work towards gender equity across all aspects of parish life.
“The big thing is education; gender awareness and understanding will help to change stereotypes,” Ms Johnston said.
Responding to the forum presentations and debate, Australian Catholic Bishops Delegate for Social Justice, Bishop Vincent Long OFM Conv, said the Church response to victims of domestic violence is crucial in reaching justice.
“The first instinct of Christians must be a genuine compassion for those who are hurt in our communities. The Church can support our communities to be safe havens for women and children.”
“The vision and example of Jesus inspires us as we confront the manifestations and root causes of injustice and family violence and make a difference to the society in which we live today,” Bishop Long concluded.